Application of Intelligent Transportation System Technology in Container Transportation


Road transport, especially road freight, has a large impact on the environment, and then makes people's views on them quite different.?Therefore, it is necessary for freight logistics to find a solution that will optimize the overall process of transportation.?Regarding the overall delivery chain, optimization means both external optimization, such as preventing no-load, better loading of goods, and internal optimization, such as more efficient personnel and transshipment inputs, higher site utilization rates, etc.

A new solution is the freight intelligent transportation system.?The intelligent transportation system of container transport is happening under this setting.?A study by the Fraunhofer Data Transfer and Logistics Institute in Dortmund completed the idea of ??electronic dispatch of goods.?A systematic, integrated dispatching station aligns the various applications of the freight forwarding process and collects information through intelligent transportation system services to provide dispatch managers with up-to-date order, vehicle and traffic condition data.?Entrusted by the German Logistics Association in Dortmund, the Cologne Industrial Research Association has begun the implementation of the ¡°Electronic Dispatcher Plan for the Detailed Planning of the Goods Transfer Process¡±, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economics.?

The concept of intelligent transportation system embraces the organic connection between the communications and information industries.?The implication is the standardized electronic communication of data between systems with spatial separation and the processing of these data through special hardware and software.?Today's freight intelligent transportation system includes mobile information systems such as trucks on the truck, positioning systems, single item and shipping identification systems and communication systems.

Mobile information system

In order to classify a moving vehicle into an information chain in the operation, a mobile information system is required, which constitutes a consistent whole with the enterprise's central ground information system.?The confirmed contract data, road data, vehicle data, and travel data are collected for storage, communication, and processing.?To date, the use of freight vehicles in the information chain is mainly the use of computers and portable computers on vehicles.

Positioning system

Knowing the location of the vehicle can assist the freight company's operators in scheduling the vehicle for short-term pick-up and arrival times.?In addition, vehicle positioning is also an aid in the search for stolen vehicles, which is particularly important for the transport of valuable goods.

Identification system

With the electronic identification system, the goods in transit can be differentiated by a number and special information, and the time and address of the transit time are monitored.?By incorporating the system into a higher-level information system, they can also be linked to other information.?Thus, the identification system is increasingly being used to manipulate the transportation, transshipment, consignment and storage processes in the logistics.

Communication system

In the shipping network, data is increasingly being exchanged over long distances of data.?If you use standardized data structures such as EDIFACT, standardized shipping procedures and a consistent interface, ie EDI solution, data can be applied, speed up the information flow, reduce the input error rate of the craft, reduce the paper requirements and make the data easy to check, etc. .?Recently, the Internet has been increasingly used in the data communication of freight companies.?Using the Internet as a data exchange station allows freight companies to ship orders online.?The Internet used to exchange data can reduce the cost of communication.

Containerized goods chain

Containerized freight refers to the consistent shipment of multiple pieces of goods from multiple customers.

In terms of shipping bulk cargo directly to individual customers, container shipping is economically more cost-effective.?However, this approach requires a multi-link, well-connected transportation chain that includes:

. The process of gathering goods in the vicinity of the carrierª¥

Transfer to the branch office

Long-distance transportation to the receiving branch office process

Sub-delivery process

Organization structure of freight company under integrated scheduling

In order to improve the transfer power, some organizational methods should be adopted, such as more useful personnel input, optimized loading times or accelerated information flow to improve the transshipment plan and monitoring, and then the cargo process can be more compact and the distribution of containers can be more evenly distributed. And shorten the waiting time and so on.

The containerized freight service uses an electronic dispatching platform supported by information technology designed for containerized goods transfer. The electronic dispatching station is divided into three levels: administrative layer, dispatching layer and fulfillment layer.

Multiple dispatchers can use the dispatching station together. The long-distance information system of the dispatching station is composed of a customer-dispatcher structure. This structure is equipped with an accounting machine according to the number of jobs, and is equipped with a central data storage in the local freight network.?Data long-distance transportation, main computer, local freight network constitutes the information chain through the transshipment warehouse, and communicates with the delivery vehicle, so that goods and transportation conditions, land occupation status, population status, waiting position, parking lot, personnel and transshipment status And know.?The scheduling process is divided into arrival time guessing, sub-organization, import organization, waiting orientation and parking orientation organization, personnel and transshipment organization, and loading and unloading lists.

Loading and unloading organization

In order to confirm the loading and unloading time and the loading and unloading start time, each truck is given a "priority value".?Vehicles with a high priority value can be loaded and unloaded first.?Several important criteria for the development of priority values ??are: 1) loading and unloading time - the priority of the vehicle with long loading and unloading time; 2) the length of arrival - it is necessary to load the vehicle immediately or the vehicle is now loaded first, that is, to comply with the "first come first" Guidelines for "Services"; 3) Number of goods urgently needed - vehicles with more urgent goods are preferred.

However, there are still some difficulties in the calculation of the priority value method, including:

How to estimate the impact of input data on priority values

Input data often has no clear boundariesª¥

Can't clearly input the interaction between data

Electronic organization card

Electronically organize cards, showing the timing of arrival, sub-organization, import organization, etc.?There is a column showing the time and dividing the existing imports into several lines, showing the loading and unloading plan for each import and the ongoing loading and unloading operations.?On the organization card, each car also has a place, not only showing its shipping status, the difference is that the truck is still a large trailer, and also marked the priority value.?The secondary and import organizations on the electronic organization card can be directly changed by the dispatcher.

Optimization of possibility

The potential optimization of the car freight electronic dispatching platform for enterprises may be classified into quantifiable and non-quantitative.?Quantitative potential optimization may refer to a variety of approaches to the meticulous organization of transport processes that have economic advantages for shipping companies through the characteristics of the parameters.?The potential optimization that does not quantify or qualitatively refers to the direct benefits that the firm receives. Such benefits cannot be expressed and accounted for by the quantifiable potential optimization or characteristic parameters of the nature.

Just the pursuit of goods has a huge potential for falling capital.?Suppose that about 3%-5% of the goods are sent to the wrong place, and the cost of chasing the wrong goods is 100 marks, then 3,000 tons of goods are sent every day for 250 working days, and the cost of goods only for tracking is 2.25 million. To 3.75 million marks.

The introduction of an electronic dispatching station that uses a thorough organization of the transport process, the potential for quality optimization and the advantages it brings to the transporting enterprise is enormous.

Information agile delivery - information transfer prior to commodity circulation - improves the likelihood of organizing programs through various shipping methods.?Preventing the phenomenon that the waiting time is long because the transportation method cannot be connected.

The communication between companies through the EDI system reduces the cost of processing transactions, thus reducing the cost of shipping preparation and post-processing operations.

The manifest data is converted into a standardized way by EDI, so that the data input by the craft enters all the electronic data processing equipment of the enterprise, thus preventing the conversion fault.?Its integrity is easy to view.?This way, you don't have to wait for customers and vehicles (due to incomplete or faulty data) when processing transactions.

Sometimes, the qualitative advantages that customers get are also an advantage for the business.?Preventing the transmission of faults and improving the service to the customer must be a continuous order.

The goods tracking process enables delivery providers, logistics service providers and consignees to respond quickly and responsively, especially when shipping goods that are urgently needed for production. This procedure allows customers to place high demands on shipping.?The progress of the transparency of the delivery chain, the responsibilities of all links in the logistics chain are also clear.

Keep abreast of the location of the transport vehicle and keep in touch with the driver to efficiently use the transport space and reduce the no-load rate.?This will not only bring economic advantages, but also benefit the ecology.

It is possible to improve the logistics power by using an electronic dispatching station.?In order to shorten the delivery cycle and information preparation period, and to reduce the capital supply of modern supply ideas, it is necessary to implement data electronic communication.

As an "manager and professor of common sense", the electronic dispatching station has an important meaning in ensuring the competitiveness of enterprises.?The power and quality of information preparation and processing is the policy of the inter-enterprise communication system. The equipment electronic dispatching station can do this very well.?With the electronic dispatching platform supported by long-distance information, the monitoring of logistics will be more powerful.?A thorough understanding of the data and the operational process can reveal some weak links in the enterprise, which will have an active effect on the operation of the enterprise, so that the company can continuously reduce the cost.

to sum up

The carrier needs an efficient delivery chain, and the transshipment goods can reduce the cost to achieve high power.?The long-distance information system of the electronic dispatching station can play a huge role through its efficient program modules and secondary systems.